March 2023 crude steel production

21 April 2023 Brussels, Belgium

World crude steel production for the 63 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 165.1 million tonnes (Mt) in March 2023, a 1.7% increase compared to March 2022.

Crude steel production by region

Africa produced 1.4 Mt in March 2023, up 8.4% on March 2022. Asia and Oceania produced 124.8 Mt, up 4.1%. The EU (27) produced 11.9 Mt, down 5.6%. Europe, Other produced 3.5 Mt, down 14.1%. The Middle East produced 3.1 Mt, down 17.5%. North America produced 9.3 Mt, down 2.6%. Russia & other CIS + Ukraine produced 7.6 Mt, up 3.0%. South America produced 3.5 Mt, down 7.6%.

Table 1. Crude steel production by region
Mar 2023 (Mt)% change Mar 23/22Jan-Mar
2023 (Mt)
% change Jan-Mar 23/22
Asia and Oceania124.84.1345.63.4
EU (27)11.9-5.633.1-10.1
Europe, Other3.5-14.19.5-18.3
Middle East3.1-17.58.9-11.4
North America9.3-2.626.8-4.1
Russia & other CIS + Ukraine7.63.021.4-11.8
South America3.5-7.610.3-4.5
Total 63 countries165.11.7459.3-0.1

The 63 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 97% of total world crude steel production in 2022. Regions and countries covered by the table:

  • Africa: Egypt, Libya, South Africa, Tunisia
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan (China), Thailand, Viet Nam
  • European Union (27)
  • Europe, Other: Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Türkiye, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • Russia & other CIS + Ukraine: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

Top 10 steel-producing countries

China produced 95.7 Mt in March 2023, up 6.9% on March 2022. India produced 11.4 Mt, up 2.7%. Japan produced 7.5 Mt, down 5.9%. The United States produced 6.7 Mt, down 2.1%. Russia is estimated to have produced 6.6 Mt, up 0.4%. South Korea produced 5.8 Mt, up 1.9%. Germany is estimated to have produced 3.3 Mt, down 0.5%. Brazil produced 2.7 Mt, down 8.7%. Türkiye produced 2.7 Mt, down 18.6%. Italy produced 2.2 Mt, up 2.7%.

Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries
Mar 2023 (Mt) % change Mar 23/22Jan-Mar 2023 (Mt)% change Jan-Mar 23/22
United States6.7-2.119.4-4.0
South Korea5.81.916.7-1.5

e – estimated. Ranking of top 10 producing countries is based on year-to-date aggregate

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