March 2022 crude steel production

World crude steel production for the 64 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 161.0 million tonnes (Mt) in March 2022, a 5.8% decrease compared to March 2021.

Crude steel production by region

Global crude steel production was 456.6 Mt in the first three months of 2022, down by 6.8% compared to the same period in 2021. Asia and Oceania produced 331.3 Mt of crude steel in the first quarter of 2022, a decrease of 7.8% on the first quarter of 2021. The EU (27) produced 36.8 Mt of crude steel in the first quarter of 2022, down by 3.8% compared to the same quarter of 2021. North America’s crude steel production in the first three months of 2022 was 28.1 Mt, a decrease of 0.9% compared to the first quarter of 2021. Russia & other CIS + Ukraine produced 24.0 Mt of crude steel in the first quarter of 2022, a decrease of 8.5% on the first quarter of 2021.

Table 1. Crude steel production by region
Mar 2022 (Mt)% change Mar 22/21Jan-Mar 2022 (Mt)% change Jan-Mar 22/21
Africa1.2-17.13.8-2.9
Asia and Oceania118.6-5.0331.3-7.8
EU (27)12.8-8.536.8-3.8
Europe, Other4.2-3.511.9-5.3
Middle East3.5-3.510.2-1.9
North America9.7-2.828.1-0.9
Russia & other CIS + Ukraine7.4-19.224.0-8.5
South America3.71.710.6-3.6
Total 64 countries161.0-5.8456.6-6.8

The 64 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 98% of total world crude steel production in 2020. Regions and countries covered by the table:

  • Africa: Egypt, Libya, South Africa
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan (China), Vietnam
  • European Union (27)
  • Europe, Other: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Turkey, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • Russia & other CIS + Ukraine: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

Top 10 steel-producing countries

China produced 88.3 Mt in March 2022, down 6.4% on March 2021. India produced 10.9 Mt, up 4.4%. Japan produced 8.0 Mt, down 4.3%. The United States produced 7.0 Mt, down 1.7%. Russia is estimated to have produced 6.6 Mt, down 1.8%. South Korea produced 5.7 Mt, down 6.1%. Germany produced 3.3 Mt, down 11.8%. Turkey produced 3.3 Mt, down 2.9%. Brazil is estimated to have produced 3.0 Mt, up 5.4%. Iran is estimated to have produced 2.3 Mt, down 6.1%.

Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries
Mar 2022 (Mt)% change Mar 22/21Jan-Mar 2022 (Mt)% change Jan-Mar 22/21
China88.3-6.4243.4-10.5
India10.94.431.95.9
Japan8.0-4.323.0-2.9
United States7.0-1.720.3-0.4
Russia6.6e-1.818.7-1.2
South Korea5.7-6.116.9-3.8
Germany3.3-11.89.8-3.7
Turkey3.3-2.99.4-4.7
Brazil3.0e5.48.5-2.2
Iran2.3e-6.16.9-4.4

e – estimated. Ranking of top 10 producing countries is based on year-to-date aggregate

Note:

  • The World Steel Association (worldsteel) is one of the largest and most dynamic industry associations in the world, with members in every major steel-producing country. worldsteel represents steel producers, national and regional steel industry associations, and steel research institutes. Members represent around 85% of global steel production.
  • A subscription with access to the iron and crude steel production for the 64 countries reporting to worldsteel on a monthly basis is available for €1,075 via the worldsteel bookshop. This subscription includes access to 20 years of data in the Steel Statistical Yearbooks. Please contact subscribers@worldsteel.org with any questions.
  • Information on capacity can be found on the OECD website.
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