April 2023 crude steel production

23 May 2023 Brussels, Belgium

World crude steel production for the 63 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 161.4 million tonnes (Mt) in April 2023, a 2.4% decrease compared to April 2022.

Crude steel production

Combination chart with 6 data series.View as data table, Crude steel production

The chart has 1 X axis displaying categories.

Crude steel production by region

Africa produced 1.3 Mt in April 2023, up 4.8% on April 2023. Asia and Oceania produced 121.1 Mt, down 1.5%. The EU (27) produced 11.1 Mt, down 11.7%. Europe, Other produced 3.5 Mt, down 17.3%. The Middle East produced 4.2 Mt, up 4.2%. North America produced 9.2 Mt, down 4.6%. Russia & other CIS + Ukraine produced 7.5 Mt, up 5.9%. South America produced 3.6 Mt, down 2.2%.

Table 1. Crude steel production by region
Apr 2023 (Mt)% change Apr 23/22Jan-Apr
2023 (Mt)
% change Jan-Apr 23/22
Asia and Oceania121.1-1.5467.52.3
EU (27)11.1-11.744.4-10.2
Europe, Other3.5-17.312.9-18.8
Middle East4.
North America9.2-4.636.2-3.8
Russia & other CIS + Ukraine7.55.928.9-7.9
South America3.6-2.213.6-5.6
Total 63 countries161.4-2.4622.7-0.3

The 63 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 97% of total world crude steel production in 2022. Regions and countries covered by the table:

  • Africa: Egypt, Libya, South Africa, Tunisia
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan (China), Thailand, Viet Nam
  • European Union (27)
  • Europe, Other: Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Türkiye, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • Russia & other CIS + Ukraine: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

Top 10 steel-producing countries

China produced 92.6 Mt in April 2023, down 1.5% on April 2022. India produced 10.7 Mt, up 3.2%. Japan produced 7.2 Mt, down 3.1%. The United States produced 6.6 Mt, down 5.3%. Russia is estimated to have produced 6.4 Mt, up 1.9%. South Korea produced 5.7 Mt, up 3.0%. Germany produced 3.2 Mt, down 3.8%. Brazil produced 2.8 Mt, down 5.9%. Türkiye produced 2.7 Mt, down 20.6%. Iran produced 3.1 Mt, up 5.9%.

Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries
Apr 2023 (Mt) % change Apr 23/22Jan-Apr 2023 (Mt)% change Jan-Apr 23/22
United States6.6-5.326.1-4.1
South Korea5.73.022.4-0.4

e – estimated. Ranking of top 10 producing countries is based on year-to-date aggregate


  • The World Steel Association (worldsteel) is one of the largest and most dynamic industry associations in the world, with members in every major steel-producing country. worldsteel represents steel producers, national and regional steel industry associations, and steel research institutes. Members represent around 85% of global steel production.
  • A subscription with access to the iron and crude steel production for the 63 countries reporting to worldsteel on a monthly basis is available for €1,285 via the worldsteel bookshop. This subscription includes access to 20 years of data in the Steel Statistical Yearbooks. Please contact subscribers@worldsteel.org with any questions.
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